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Muruja (ମୁରୁଜ)

Muruja or Rangoli is related to the Hindu Pujas. Rangoli is an art, origin in India in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as coloured rice, dry flour, coloured sand or flower petals. It is usually made during Diwali, Onam, Pongal and other Indian, Bangladeshi and Nepalese festivals related to Hinduism. Designs are passed from one generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive.

The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore, and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, marriage celebrations and other similar milestones and gatherings. In Nepal, Colorful rangoli are made from dyes and are lit up at night outside peoples homes and businesses.

At the time of Marriage, Jagnya, Bratopanayana the priest used to draw some arts with different colours also called as Muruja. According to the source, this process was there in Mahenjodaro and Harappa time. At that time, Muruja was called as Alpana (ଆଲ୍ପନା), which was originated from a Sanskrit word Olanpin (ଓଲାନପିନ), which means to draw pictures.

In Odisha, this process started in between 7th to 12th-century with the Tantra Shakti Sadhana in Hinduism. In between 12th to 13th-century Muruja started to use in Jagannatha Temple, Puri.

To make different colours for Muruja, previously people used a different type of natural resources like white rice, brick's dust, leafs, turmeric powder etc. But now-a-days, the readymade colours are prepared by the help of some chemicals and available in the market. Some also use different types of frames to draw these.

During Pachaka, the Muruja are drawn near to Tulasi Chaura in every Odia family. In these five days, people used to draw beautiful Murujas at their home.

We have collected some photographs of Murujas from different people.





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